Courses in 2014
Both in philosophy and in everyday life, ethical questions often seem to be particularly difficult to answer: one’s confidence in the truth of one’s own position is often matched by the equal confidence of others with conflicting opinions. An examination of each view typically leads to justificatory chains: ethical conclusions are based on ethical assumptions, so uncovering the assumptions of the ethical positions held leads to questions about the justification of the assumptions it rests on, and so on. In many cases, we eventually seem to have to rely on the reliability of certain basic intuitions on which to base our ethical views. But what justifies these basic moral intuitions, and how can we resolve disagreement about them?
History has seen several waves of constitution-building in the 20th century with an unparalleled boom starting in the 1990s after the fall of the Berlin wall. And while experts recently announced the end of this boom in new constitutions after the Cold War, the world is witnessing another wave of constitution-building, this time predominately in Africa. This burst of activity has given rise to a range of new ideas about the nature and purpose of constitutions and constitution-making, constitutional solutions to contemporary problems, and the proper role of international actors.
Human rights litigation is one of the methods by which civil society organizations can bring about social change. This course for human rights professionals will develop the skills and knowledge needed to successfully bring cases to the regional human rights systems and the UN Treaty bodies, and to use those cases to achieve practical change. Participants will be invited to provide information on concrete cases that they are involved in which will be discussed during the course.
This intensive one-week course facilitates the exchange of ideas and cooperative projects among mediation scholars, practitioners, trainers, and students in the East and West. In addition to offering an introduction to mediation, the program provides a teaching and training template for mediation training for scholars and practitioners from around the world to adapt for use in their home countries.
The summer school on Innovative Financing for Education will introduce participants to the complex political economy of financing for education. With the funding gap for achieving global targets for education estimated at $26 billion per year, the dynamic between commitment to education for all and reduced financial space from traditional sources needs to be appreciated before moving to any discussion of financing issues specifically.
All trends in resource use and energy consumption indicate that current forms of industrial production are not sustainable in the long term. Many industrial production systems continue to be inefficient and wasteful and thereby threaten to overwhelm the assimilative capacity of our planet. In order to reverse these developments, industries need to radically improve their energy efficiency, reduce their resource consumption and curb the release of harmful by-products.
The program is aimed at training graduate students and junior researchers at the outset of their careers to become the next generation of teachers and researchers within the broad field of Romany studies. It will contribute directly to building local and regional Roma Research Networks, aiming to use synergies and complementarities between European countries to raise the quality of research and policy preparation.
This course aims to explore the often tense intersection between drug policy and human rights. Taking place within the broader context of the UN drug control system, discussion will focus on the identification and understanding of relevant international human rights agreements and on the evaluation and assessment of the gap between rights and practice in the implementation of drug policies in many countries and regions. Including examination of both ‘consumer’ and ‘supply’ side issues, the focus of the course will be global and participants will be drawn from all regions internationally.
What makes humans moral beings? This question can be understood either as a proximate “how” question or as an ultimate “why” question. The “how” question, which is about the mental and social mechanisms that produce moral judgments has been investigated by psychologists and social scientists. The “why” question, which is about the fitness consequences that explain why humans have morality, has been discussed by evolutionary biologists in the context of the evolution of cooperation. The goal of this summer school is to contribute to a fruitful articulation of such proximate and ultimate explanations of human morality.
Though the latest technologies outbreak made tons of environmental data and various geospatial ICTs affordable and easily available for wide scientific and managerial communities, utilizing their great potential is hindered by a number of factors. Some of the major obstacles are traditional prejudices and fears of technologies among practitioners and researchers in non-computer fields. Often technical and development communities do not pay due attention to proper presentation of the potential of their tools and methods to environmental professionals.
What is a frontier? Does it serve to separate or to link countries, peoples, classes, ideas? Frontiers have become increasingly significant in the study of Late Antiquity, the fastest growing historical discipline, as scholars recognized the fundamental importance of shifting barriers in the process of transformation that led from the classical to the post-classical world. People living in the Roman world between the second and the sixth century tore down many walls demarcating cultures, religions, ethnicities. Frontiers once firmly separating empires, ethnic groups, religions, friends and even the sexes have been intensely crossed in late antiquity – a phenomenon comparable only to the recent transition from modernity to post-modernity -- a comparison that we intend to exploit in our methodology.
This intensive summer course is designed to help both researchers, activists and policy advocates gain new insights into the role civil society can play in advocating for a free and open internet. Through the course, participants will also learn digital tools for mobilizing and organizing constituencies and for enhancing their own online security and privacy, as well as that of activists and journalists.
Comparative Regionalisms: Changing Forms of Governance in Asia, Africa and the Americas and the Effects on the World Order
The course fosters new approaches to the study of regionalisms in Asia, Africa and the Americas. Building on, but seeking to go beyond the European experience the course examines the rise of regions after World War II and the resurgence of the idea in and from the 1980s. It considers the different interpretations, values and expectations assigned to ‘region’, from regional free trade agreements to security communities to supra-national integrative projects. The course will examine how such regions vary across time and geography, assuming different characteristics, and will also consider to what extent regions are a result of and/or a response to globalization and the extent to which they constitute and shape global order.